AL Design Journal

AL Design Journal

How to design house front elevation, learn in easy steps.

Today we will discuss, How to design house front elevation? In just an easy few steps you will find a great experience of learning front elevation. It’s a very easy task if you follow those steps. But first, you have to know about Front Elevation.

How to design house front elevation

What is Front Elevation?

The front elevation is termed an orthographic representation or front view of any building, structure, and shape. The front elevation of the building and any structure represents the main entrance. 

Designing the front Elevation is a very important thing because it is like “first impression is the last impression” If your house, structure, and building are not looking suiting from the front entry, most probably it will throw a wrong impression on the viewer.

So, designing house front elevation is very important. 

How to design house front elevation?

To design it, you have to follow some steps. 

Conceptualize the front elevation of the structure in form of a rough sketch

Let’s take an example of a house or residence. The first step is to make the concept of the front elevation in form of rough sketches. It is very important for any project to make a concept, and theme, and plan any project in terms of sketches. 

Any project starts with a manual paper-pen format because it will help to understand the depth of drawing more easily. So, how to make a concept for design house front elevation?

Here is the solution,

Play with shapes

Try to do the experiment with shapes. By combining the two different shapes, in a different manner. 

How to design house front elevation

Each time you rearrange the shape, you will get a new variety. Basically, Shapes are categorised into 2 parts.

Uniform Shapes

Uniform shapes are generally identical, or exactly the same, and a cross-section is when you cut an object in half and reveal the shape inside. So a uniform cross-section is when you cut the object straight and the resulting shape exactly matches the inside of the bottom or edge of the shape. 

How to design house front elevation

You can mix 2 or more uniform shapes and make new unique shapes. In that, you can edit also by scooping in or out some portions. That thing will also give new shape and experience. Examples of Unform shapes:- Circles, squares, rectangles, triangles and more…

Organic Shapes

It’s totally the opposite of Uniform shapes, where you will find irregular, and curvilinear shapes. To find the best example you may see nature and its component. 

How to design house front elevation

Likewise, a stone, tree, flower and more don’t have a finite and regular uniform shape. Moreover, they follow the principle of organic shapes. In nature, we observe that anything that occurs is totally non-uniformly.

If a plant has flowers, the petals of that flower are 9 in the count. But all of a sudden you observe another flower of that same plant has 12 petals. This happens due organic behaviour of nature. Nature is so unpredictable, the Same as Organic shapes.  

In Organic shapes, if you play with Organic shapes and lines. Most probably you will create a new variety. So keep experimenting with those things.

Starts with vertical Guidelines W.R.T. Floor plan

How to design house front elevation

With vertical, add horizontal Guidelines also W.R.T. Floor plan

How to design house front elevation

Design the shape and theme of the front elevation of house  W.R.T. Floor plan

How to design house front elevation

Add columns, floor slabs, plinths and many more elements in the front elevation W.R.T. Floor plan

How to design house front elevation

Finish the front elevation by adding materials to beautify the external walls of the house.

How to design house front elevation

Make sure to add the annotation, labels and symbol in your drawing.

How to design house front elevation
How to design house front elevation

Your Front Elevation of the house with respect to the floor plan is finished/completed now. But, Make sure you follow these important key notes while design house front elevation, So…

11 important factors to follow while design house front elevation

  • Keep the floor plan as a reference and trace all vertical and horizontal guidelines keeping in mind the front portion and main entrance of the house.
  • Check the height of the slab’s width,  plinth, floor, and other entities, by putting horizontal lines. To set the reference point it is necessary.
  • The plinth of the house should be 2fts. Or 0.6m.
  • Represent the column, plinth, and floor slabs with concrete hatching/texturing in the elevation phase where, you have to show the proper beam, column, and floor slab in the front elevation.
  • The brick wall should be hatched IOS32 pattern in auto cad(if you are making front elevation in AutoCAD).
  • If you are drafting the front elevation manually, with the hand-drafting technique, We want to make sure that you please hatch the brick, with the double line with a 45-degree tilt diagonally.
  • Mention the Doors, windows, railing and other drawing details in front elevation drawings with proper hatching W.R.T. texture of that particular materials.
  • Human figures can be preferable for beginners, as you can see we don’t prefer and do not even put human figures in the elevational drawings, because we have experience with dimensions and knows how many measurements to provide for the house so that it will preferable the humans.
  • The average human height in India is 1.5m to 1.6m(5 ft to 5.6 ft), In the USA it’s almost 1.8m(6ft.), while other countries and continents have different human anthropometry measurements. No matter which country you belong to, All you have to check on the internet and you will find the average height of your respective countries.
  • In the end, put the correct annotation, symbols, legends, and guidelines in proper sheet format for your front elevation drawing.

How many ways you can design house front elevation?

Basically, there 2 ways you can draw the design house front elevation drawings.

  • Hand-made drafting- The term hand drafting almost always describes the process of creating a measured two-dimensional or three-dimensional drawing in perspective, isometric, plan, elevation, or section. It’s totally manual-hand-skilled work.
  • Software- There are many software available in the market that, help you to draw the drawing more efficiently, and save your time, and your hard work too.

There is a list of software, which you should try:-

  1. AutoCAD
  2. Sketchup
  3. ArchiCAD
  4. Revit


Throughout the article, we have examined that the design of house front elevation is not a tough task. With some skills, and knowledge you can easily achieve excellence. As mentioned the factors, you should follow those. And you will get a good result from it.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Why prefer software over Hand drafting for designing house front elevation?

Hand drafting is old school technique, we are not saying it’s bad or good. But in today’s world, most designer architects, engineers, and other designers prefer software. Because

  1. It is time efficient and saves most of the time compared to manual hand drafting
  2. The accessibility and compatibility of the software are very good.
  3. Few accessories need for software work, while hand drafting consumes extra space and accessories.

Is it mean, that hand drafting for the design house front elevation is bad?

Who said that? we are just showing the reality. Most designers and other artists prefer hand drawing techniques. If you search on youtube about hand drafting, then over a million results will appear. Where you will find fantastic art and design performed by artists.

Why front elevation is important?

To visualize that shows your house or any other structure will look from the front. It will give basic ideas of the front view. Hope you like our Article, Please check our other Articles also on, AL DESIGN JOURNAL

Thank you.

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